Bailiffs are legal professionals members of CHJQ who serve court sapinas, keep the courtrooms secure, and perform a wide variety of legal processes in order to keep the judicial system running.

Professional Order

The title of bailiff is bestowed upon members accepted into the professional order the Chambre des huissiers de justice du Québec [Chamber of Bailiff of Quebec] (CHJQ) who keep the gears of the legal system turning by keeping order in the court, delivering subpoenas, and much more. Through their accreditation process, they ensure all their members live up to the standards expected of them as professionals working in the Canadian legal system.


The CHJQ keep a vigilant watch over their members and the professional community through their three committees which review their inspection process annually. Any and all complaints filed against a member of the organization are scrutinized by these three committees that determine whether not an accused member should be sanctioned or even expulsed from the order based on the severity of their professional malpractice. They take their profession very seriously and even provide supplementary information to the public on the legal processes that bailiffs are involved in to better familiarize them with a bailiff’s function. They also have a database listing all of their practising bailiffs filtered by judicial district.


Keep in mind, in order for applicants to join the order, because the profession is practised in Quebec, they must be able to speak French at a professional level of proficiency. Would-be bailiffs must also fulfill these requirements: obtain a college diploma in legal techniques or a university law degree, complete a 5-week long training course (costing approximately $5,000), complete a six-month internship, and finally complete a professional exam which has a $500 fee to open a file.


This title is recognized by the Office des professions du Québec [Office of Quebec Professions] and has the exclusive right to practise the profession in Quebec. Due to its exclusivity, members of this order will always be consulted for professional positions in Quebec. However, to gain entry, a law degree (or legal techniques diploma) is required in addition to their application process, internship, and admissions exam. Therefore, it can take anywhere from between 3 and 4 years to obtain the designation unless an applicant has a recognized equivalency from out of province or other.


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